Does Bermuda Grass Spread? Learn How to Control Its Growth.

Yes, bermuda grass spreads very quickly and aggressively through both above-ground runners and underground stolons. Bermuda grass, also known as cynodon dactylon, is a warm-season grass that is popular for its ability to survive in harsh conditions and its quick-growing nature.

One of its most significant qualities is its ability to spread rapidly and equally across a lawn or field thanks to its above-ground runners and underground stolons. Bermuda grass is a popular choice for homeowners and athletic fields alike, given its durability and low maintenance requirements.

However, its fast-spreading nature can also be a drawback in areas where it is unwanted, as it can easily invade and take over neighboring lawns or spaces. Therefore, it is essential to consider the pros and cons before deciding on bermuda grass for your landscaping needs.

Does Bermuda Grass Spread? Learn How to Control Its Growth.


Understanding The Growth And Spread Of Bermuda Grass

Bermuda grass is known for its ability to spread and fill in gaps in yards, but how does it accomplish this? In this section, we’ll dive into the characteristics of bermuda grass, how it reproduces and spreads, and what factors affect its growth.

Characteristics Of Bermuda Grass

Before we explore how bermuda grass spreads, it’s essential to understand its characteristics. Bermuda grass is a warm-season turfgrass that thrives in hot and humid climates.

  • Fine-to-medium textured blades
  • Deep, extensive root system
  • Tolerant of drought, heat, and foot traffic
  • Fast-growing

How Bermuda Grass Reproduces And Spreads

Bermuda grass primarily reproduces through its aggressive growth habits. Over time, its root system establishes and spreads underground, developing new shoots and increasing its coverage area. Additionally, bermuda grass can produce seeds that can germinate and grow new plants, although it’s less common.

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  • Stolons: Above-ground stems that root and grow new plants
  • Rhizomes: Underground stems that can produce new plants
  • Cuttings: Bermuda grass can sprout new roots and start growing when a section of its stem is replanted

Factors Affecting The Spread Of Bermuda Grass

Several variables can impact the growth and spread of bermuda grass.

  • Water availability: Bermuda grass needs water to spread and grow, so sufficient moisture levels are essential.
  • Soil quality: Bermuda grass prefers soil with good drainage and ph levels between 6. 0 and 7. 0.
  • Sunlight exposure: Bermuda grass needs plenty of sunlight to maintain its color and actively spread.
  • Temperature: Bermuda grass is a warm-season grass and thrives in hot, humid conditions.
  • Maintenance: Regular mowing, fertilization, and weed control can encourage bermuda grass growth and prevent it from being choked out by other plants.

Bermuda grass is an excellent choice for warm-season lawns, known for its extensive root system and ability to spread. Understanding its characteristics, growth habits, and factors that influence its spread can help you maintain a healthy, beautiful lawn.

Pros And Cons Of Bermuda Grass Spread

Bermuda grass is one of the most popular grasses used in lawns, golf courses, and sports fields. One of the many questions homeowners and gardeners ask is if the grass spreads. The answer is yes, it does. Bermuda grass can spread both above ground through stolons and underground through rhizomes.

Advantages Of Bermuda Grass Spread

While some people might view the spreading as a disadvantage, there are a few advantages to bermuda grass spread.

  • Quick recovery: Bermuda grass takes its time to grow, but a well-established lawn can recover quickly from damage, thanks to the grass’s stolon’s spreading.
  • Cost-effectiveness: Bermuda grass’s stolon spreading can quickly cover a large area, making it a cost-effective option for those with large lawns.
  • Traffic resistance: Bermuda grass’s spreading ability also allows it to withstand heavy foot and vehicle traffic.
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Disadvantages Of Bermuda Grass Spread

Despite the advantages, bermuda grass’s spreading ability can pose some challenges to homeowners.

  • Invasive: Bermuda grass spread can be invasive, leading to it taking over other plant types in the lawn. This characteristic can negatively affect the garden’s aesthetics and biodiversity.
  • High maintenance: Bermuda grass requires regular maintenance, including mowing, watering, and weed control, which can be challenging in larger lawns.
  • Allergens: Bermuda grass can trigger pollen allergies in some individuals, making it essential to keep an eye out for any symptoms.

While bermuda grass spread has both pros and cons, it is essential to consider them before deciding on bermuda grass for your lawn. If you are looking for a grass that can recover quickly and handle heavy traffic, bermuda grass could be the right option for you.

Conversely, if you desire a grass requiring low maintenance, you should look for alternatives.

Techniques To Manage Bermuda Grass Spread

Bermuda grass is a popular warm-season turfgrass that is commonly used in lawns, parks, and sports fields. It is known for its outstanding heat tolerance, and can quickly spread to cover bare spots. However, this can also lead to concerns about bermuda grass spread, especially when it starts to invade adjacent areas.

The good news is that there are techniques available to manage the spread of bermuda grass. In this section, we’ll explore some of the prevention and treatment techniques that you can use to control bermuda grass spread.

Prevention Techniques

Preventing bermuda grass from spreading is always a good idea, especially if you’re trying to maintain healthy grass in a specific area.

  • Install physical barriers: Installing physical barriers such as plastic or metal edging can help limit the spread of bermuda grass by preventing it from growing beyond a certain point.
  • Maintain a clean perimeter: Ensure that the lawn is mowed and well-maintained around the edges to prevent bermuda grass from spreading into adjacent areas.
  • Regularly remove bermuda grass runners: By manually pulling out the runners on a regular basis, you can help control its spread into non-target areas.
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Treatment Techniques

If you already have an issue with bermuda grass invading areas where it isn’t wanted, there are some treatment techniques you can use to manage it:

  • Use herbicides: There are herbicides formulated specifically for bermuda grass control. These work by killing the plant either by directly applying it to bermuda grass or by applying it to a plant that is susceptible to the herbicide.
  • Solarization: Solarization is a technique that uses clear plastic sheeting over an identified area to trap heat, which can then kill bermuda grass.
  • Smothering: Covering the bermuda grass in a certain area with heavy plastic, fabric, or mulch can help smother and kill the bermuda grass below, stopping its spread.

Now that you are aware of some preventive and treatment techniques to manage bermuda grass spread, put them to use, and protect your landscape from its invasive clutches!


Now that we have explored the topic of whether bermuda grass spreads or not, it is evident that bermuda grass is indeed a spreading grass. However, it is important to note that whether this spreading habit is considered beneficial or not entirely depends on individual perspectives and needs.

While some homeowners might appreciate its fast-spreading habit that quickly fills in bare spots, others might find it problematic for its invasive nature. Whatever your preference may be, bermuda grass is undoubtedly a resilient grass known for its drought and heat resistance, which makes it a popular choice for warm-season lawns.

As a homeowner, it is vital to give careful consideration to the benefits and drawbacks of this grass to make an informed decision when selecting the perfect grass type for your lawn. With proper care and maintenance, bermuda grass can be a great addition to your landscape.