How to grow bergamot: A complete guide.

To grow bergamot, plant seeds or transplants in well-draining soil and water regularly while avoiding overwatering. Prune annually to promote growth and air circulation.

Bergamot, also known as bee balm, is an herb that belongs to the mint family. It is a perennial plant that can grow up to four feet tall and is native to north america. Bergamot is a popular plant among gardeners due to its attractive flowers and medicinal properties.

It is easy to grow and maintain and can thrive in almost any location. Bergamot can be used in teas, as a natural remedy for various ailments and can even be incorporated into recipes. In this article, we will discuss the techniques for growing bergamot and how to care for it appropriately.

How to grow bergamot: A complete guide.


Understanding The Basics Of Growing Bergamot

Bergamot is a citrus fruit that is believed to have originated from southeast asia. It is now mostly grown in italy, particularly in the calabria region. There are two types of bergamot plants: the sour variety used for making essential oils and the sweet variety used for making tea.

To grow bergamot, you need to ensure that the plant receives at least six hours of sunlight and has well-draining soil. Bergamot should be planted in the spring, either from seeds or seedlings. With proper care, bergamot can grow up to 12 feet tall and produce fruits for up to 50 years.

Understanding the basics of growing bergamot is important for anyone looking to add this fragrant plant to their garden.

Choosing And Preparing The Right Planting Site For Bergamot

Choosing the right planting site is vital for the growth of bergamot. Soil preparation is the first step to take; begin by testing your soil’s ph levels. Bergamot prefers a slightly acidic soil with a ph range of 5. 5-6.

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5. Soil that is too alkaline can cause the leaves to yellow. The next step is to ensure the site receives full sun exposure, at least six hours every day. The ideal temperature range for bergamot is between 60-70°f. When it comes to watering, bergamot thrives in well-draining soil and should be watered deeply every few days or when the top inch of the soil is dry.

By following these tips, you can create a perfect planting site for beautiful and healthy bergamot plants.

Planting And Caring For Bergamot

Bergamot, a citrus tree, can be grown from seed or seedlings. Plant indoors in the winter and transplant in the spring. When planting, use loamy, well-draining soil. Bergamot plants require pruning to prevent them from becoming too dense. Add fertilizer or nutrients to the soil each year to maintain plant health.

Watch for diseases such as leaf spot and pests such as spider mites. Insecticidal soap can help control these problems. By following these guidelines, your bergamot trees will thrive, and you will reap the rewards of this fragrant and versatile plant.

Harvesting And Preserving Bergamot

Knowing when to harvest bergamot is essential in ensuring the quality of the fruit. Wait until the fruits have turned yellow and the skin is slightly wrinkled before harvesting. For oil extraction, pick the fruits when they are fully ripe.

The best time to harvest bergamot leaves and flowers is in the morning, once the dew has evaporated. Dry the leaves and flowers on a wire rack in a warm, dry place until they are crisp. Store the dried bergamot products in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.

Bergamot oil can last up to two years, while dried leaves and flowers can last up to six months. Proper harvesting and preservation techniques will prolong the shelf life of bergamot products.

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Using Bergamot In Cooking And Aromatherapy

Bergamot is a versatile plant that can be used in various culinary and aromatherapy applications. Cooks can use bergamot as a seasoning for fish, chicken, and vegetables, or make a refreshing tea out of the leaves. When it comes to aromatherapy, bergamot oil has a calming effect, reduces stress and anxiety, and alleviates depression symptoms.

Bergamot oil is also a popular ingredient in homemade cosmetic products such as shampoo, soap, and facial cream. Moreover, you can diffuse bergamot oil in your home, blend it with other essential oils, or add a few drops to a bath for a relaxing experience.

Check out these creative bergamot recipes and diy projects to explore the full potential of this citrusy companion.


Congratulations! You are now equipped with the knowledge to successfully grow your own bergamot plant. Remember to choose a well-draining soil and provide it with regular watering. Pruning and fertilizing will also help promote healthy growth and yield. Whether you plan on using bergamot for its fragrant essential oil or as a unique addition to your tea collection, you can enjoy the process of watching it thrive in your own garden.

Remember to keep an eye out for pests and diseases as these can harm the plant’s growth. Overall, with a little bit of patience and care, growing bergamot can be a rewarding experience for any gardener. So, get your gardening gloves on and start growing!