What to Plant Under a Fig Tree? 10 Best Companion Plants!

Under a fig tree, you can plant herbs like thyme, lavender, or rosemary. For a more comprehensive planting, you need to assess the level of sunlight and soil drainages.

Growing plants under fig trees adds diversity to your garden and promotes a more sustainable agricultural practice. Fig trees also provide a natural shade, which helps regulate temperature and soil moisture for the companion plants. However, it’s best to keep the planting simple to avoid competing with the fig tree for water and nutrients.

In this article, we review the suitability of different plant types, the ideal planting distance, as well as soil and drainage requirements when planting under a fig tree.

What to Plant Under a Fig Tree? 10 Best Companion Plants!

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Understanding The Challenges Of Planting Under A Fig Tree

Planting under a fig tree poses several challenges due to its shallow and aggressive root system. The roots grow far beyond the canopy, creating a tough environment for companion plants. They tend to compete for nutrients and moisture, and the fig tree’s large leaves block out most of the sunlight.

Therefore, it’s crucial to select plants that require similar soil and moisture conditions and those that can tolerate partial shade. Some ideal companions for fig trees include chives, garlic, lavender, parsley, thyme, and cilantro. Understanding the impact of the fig tree root system, soil and moisture requirements, and nutrient competition is necessary for a successful garden underneath the tree.

Best Companion Plants For Fig Trees

Companion planting is essential when it comes to fig trees, as this can help improve productivity and quality. Some of the best herbs and vegetables that complement figs include basil, thyme, garlic, and lettuce. Planting flowers like marigold, lavender, and sunflowers, on the other hand, helps prevent pests and attract pollinators.

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If you prefer shrubs and vines, don’t forget to consider rosemary, grapevines, and hydrangea. Groundcovers like mint and sweet woodruff are also viable options, as they add beauty and retain soil moisture. Lastly, other possible plants to cultivate under a fig tree include rhubarb, chives, and strawberries.

With these choices, not only will you have a thriving garden, but you’ll also have a delicious and bountiful harvest.

Tips For Growing Companion Plants Under A Fig Tree

Growing companion plants under a fig tree requires certain soil preparation and amendment techniques. The ph of soil should range between 6 and 7. 5. Mixing in compost and aged manure can help retain moisture and provide rich nutrients. When planning the layout, consider plants that thrive in partial shade, like lettuce, spinach and herbs.

Watering and fertilization are crucial for all plants involved. Regular pruning and maintenance will keep your fig tree healthy and fruitful. The best time for planting and transplanting is when the tree is dormant, usually during winter or early spring.

Growing companion plants under a fig tree can provide a symbiotic relationship, enhancing the health and productivity of both plants.

Benefits Of Planting Companion Plants Under A Fig Tree

Planting companion plants under a fig tree can significantly enhance soil health and fertility. These plants also attract beneficial insects and pollinators, increasing biodiversity and sustainability of the garden. Plus, they provide aesthetic appeal and functional benefits such as shade and natural trellising.

Furthermore, planting companions under a fig tree can reduce maintenance tasks and pest problems. Some of the best companion plants for fig trees include comfrey, chives, garlic, mint, and yarrow, among others. By choosing the right companion plants, you can create a symbiotic relationship that benefits both your fig tree and the overall health of your garden.


To sum up, planting under a fig tree can be both beneficial and challenging. The key to success is selecting plants that can tolerate the dry and shady environment of a fig tree’s canopy. Companion planting can help to increase biodiversity, improve soil quality, and attract beneficial insects.

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Some great options to consider include annuals like lettuce and radishes, perennials like hostas and ferns, and flowering plants like impatiens and begonias. Remember to give plants enough space and water to ensure they thrive. With a little planning and care, you can create a beautiful and productive garden under your fig tree that will benefit both you and the environment.